coworking – еволюцията на работната среда по света и у нас (част четвърта)

coworking – еволюцията на работната среда по света и у нас (част четвърта)

In five separate post will introduce a text on Coworking – The evolution of the working environment in the world and in our country. The project is written by Elina Sotirova the object „anthropology of contemporary cultural practices“ in specialty Cultural Studies at Sofia University „Sv. Kliment Ohridski“. The texts of Bulgarian on this topic are very few (not to say that missing), so it seems important and interesting discussion on the topic to begin. We hope to interest you. It Part Four.

How much social capital?

Can not be ignored economic factor – workplace betahaus sofia not provided free of charge. How the atmosphere makes freelancers not only feel good, but frankly prefer this job to your home. To reach an explanation of the phenomenon coworking, can draw the concept of social capital. His explanation is deployed in the works of the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. He differentiates it from the other two types of capital that accumulate in society – economic and cultural. Social capital is described by the author as „a set of resources, actual and virtual, which offer the benefit of an individual or group who are continuously connected to a network of more or less institutionalized relationships of mutual acquaintance and recognition“. The high level of functioning social capital implies better health, lower crime rate, a higher level of satisfaction with life, better financial market. Back – the low level of social capital – leads to low citizen activity, increased social disorganization and relations of confidence between members of the community. That is. The social capital accumulated in the workplace can affect the life of the individual but also the community. The concept of community is important when it comes to betahaus. Through their understanding of accessibility, cooperation, openness and sustainability as key features of the shared workflow this place is not only targeted circulation of creative impulses, but to create a community. As successor of coworking-idea betahaus illustrates a trend commented on contemporary social theory. Individualism has reached its end point, which can no longer build system. The current situation presents a rekolektivizirashto society in which sharing and pooling are a significant part of social interaction. This problem is present in the works of D. Miller, and American political scientist Jeremy Rifkin relevant terms modern man as homo empatikus.
(Part One, Part Two, Part Three)
REFERENCES:
1. Magazine. Lick, September 2011.
2. betahaus – ein coworking Handbuch, available in digital form.
3. Bourdieu, P., & Wacquant, L. (1992). An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology. Chicago: University of Chicago
4. Fleming, P. (2009) Authenticity and the Cultural Politics of Work. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
5. Miller, D. An Extreme Reading of Facebook, available in digital form.
6. O’Reilly, Tim http://oreilly.com/web2/archive/what-is-web-20.html?page=4
7. The benefits of Facebook „friends:“ Social capital and college students’ use of online social network sites.
8. Whyte, W. http://www.google.bg/search?hl=bg&tbo=p&tbm=bks&q=inauthor:%22William+Hollingsworth+Whyte%22
9. Working in the Creative Industries: Identity and Uncertainty in a Coworking Space, thesis Blagoev, B. Protected Sept. 2011, FREIE UNIVERSITÄT BERLIN
10. http://www.betahaus.bg

В пет отделни поста ще ви представим един текст на тема Coworking – Еволюцията на работната среда по света и у нас. Проектът е писан от Елина Сотирова за предмета „Анторопология на съвременните културни практики“ в специалност Културология на СУ „Св. Климент Охридски“. Текстовете на български по тази тема са изключително малко (да не кажем че липсват), затова ни се струва важно и интересно дискусията по темата да започне. Надяваме се да ви е интересно. Следва част четвърта. Проятно четене.

Колко струва социалният капитал?

Не може да бъде пренебрегнат икономическият фактор – работното място в betahaus не се предоставя безвъзмездно. Как атмосферата кара хората със свободни професии не само да се чувстват добре, но и откровено да предпочетат това работно място пред дома си. За да се достигне до някакво обяснение на феномена coworking, може да се привлече понятието социален капитал. Неговото обяснение е разгърнато в трудовете на френския социолог Пиер Бурдийо. Той го отграничава от други два вида капитал, които се акумулират в обществото – икономически и културен. Социалният капитал е описан от автора като „съвкупност от ресурси, действителни и виртуални, които принасят полза на индивид или група, които са продължително свързани в мрежа от повече или по-малко институционализирани взаимоотношения на взаимно познанство и признание” . Високото ниво на функциониране на социалния капитал предполага по-добро здраве, по-ниско ниво на престъпност, по-високо равнище на задоволеност от живота, по-добър финансов пазар. Обратно – ниското ниво на социалния капитал – води до ниска гражданска активност, повишена социална дезорганизация и отношения на недоверие между членовете на общността . Т. е. социалният капитал, акумулиран на работното място, може да окаже влияние върху живота на индивида, но също така и на общността. Понятието за общност е важно, когато става дума за betahaus. Чрез своите разбирания за достъпност, сътрудничество, отвореност и устойчивост като основни характеристики на споделения работен процес това място цели не само циркулация на креативни импулси, но и да създаде общност. Като продължител на coworking-идеята betahaus онагледява една тенденция, коментирана от съвременната социална теория. Индивидуализмът е достигнал крайната си точка, от която не може вече да гради система. Съвременната ситуация представя едно реколективизиращо се общество, в което споделянето и обединяването са значителна част от социалната интеракция. Този проблем присъства в трудовете на D. Miller , а американският политолог Джеръми Рифкин терминологизира съвременния човек като хомо емпатикус.

(част първа, част втора, част трета)

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БИБЛИОГРАФИЯ:
1. Сп. Лик, септември 2011.
2. betahaus – ein coworking Handbuch, налична в дигитален вариант.
3. Bourdieu, P., & Wacquant, L. (1992). An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology. Chicago: University of Chicago
4. Fleming, P. (2009) Authenticity and the Cultural Politics of Work. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
5. Miller, D. An Extreme Reading of Facebook, налично в дигитален вариант.
6. O’Reilly, Tim http://oreilly.com/web2/archive/what-is-web-20.html?page=4
7. The benefits of Facebook „friends:“ Social capital and college students’ use of online social network sites.
8. Whyte, W. http://www.google.bg/search?hl=bg&tbo=p&tbm=bks&q=inauthor:%22William+Hollingsworth+Whyte%22
9. Working in the Creative Industries: Identity and Uncertainty in a Coworking Space, дипломна работа на Благоев, Б. Защитена Септ. 2011, FREIE UNIVERSITÄT BERLIN
10. http://www.betahaus.bg

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